The term autopsy is derived from the Greek word “autopsia,” which means “to see with one’s own eyes,” another name for which is Post-mortem.
The word “post-mortem” comes from Latin, meaning post-mortem.
An autopsy was first performed in 1850.
The word “autopsy” is synonymous with “necropsy,” the term ‘necropsy’ basically refers to examining the external part of the body after Death.
Thorough, complete examinations of the dead body both externally and internally by dissection and opening up of all the body cavities, investigations, to attain individual specific objectives, especially to find out the cause of death Autopsy.
Autopsy/post-mortem is mainly done due to unnatural and suspicious circumstances of Death, and also in many circumstances also, such as:
- unexpected Sudden Death;
- Death with the surgical and medical accident;
- Death in the workplace;
- Death by poisoning;
- Suspicious cases;
A post-mortem examination might be requested by the coroner or clinical analyst to decide the reason or way of Death, or to recuperate potential proof, for example, a projectile or liquor content in the blood. Strategy changes over the United States yet commonly unwitnessed, sad, or dubious passings require a post-mortem examination. This is alluded to as a legal examination and what is most generally depicted on TV wrongdoing shows and motion pictures.
The subsequent kind is known as a clinical post-mortem examination. Families may choose to have a post-mortem examination performed to recognize any sicknesses that might be acquired, consequently representing a likely hazard for relatives. Likewise, a family may approve a clinic post-mortem examination to decide the degree of a realized infection to evaluate the impacts of treatments that were being utilized to treat the sickness. This would be advantageous from a clinical examination point of view.
A regular post-mortem examination makes two genuinely broad cuts on the body. The first being the chest pit, which is a cut that makes a “Y” from each shoulder and down the length of the midsection. This gives the pathologist access to all the significant organs of the body for broad testing. The second is the cranial cut, which is from ear to ear around the rear of the head. This is obviously is to pick up passage to the cerebrum of the person for additional examination.
An autopsied body presents little trouble to embalmers, as they are prepared to deal with this circumstance, and it is a genuinely normal event. The embalmer will make sure to stitch all the entry points cautiously, setting aside the effort to ensure the body is treated and arranged appropriately for a survey. The chest pit cuts will obviously be covered up by apparel; however, you might be pondering about the cranial stitches. Normally pathologists will consider this as they accomplish their vital work, and the entry point will be low enough on the rear of the head to be generally covered up by the pad or even the hair of the individual in the event that it is sufficiently long. In the event that the examination stitches end up being obvious, the embalmer will ensure the correct beautifiers and helpful techniques are done so as to cover any observable stitch.
There are two types of Autopsy:
1. Clinical or pathological Autopsy;
2. Medicolegal or forensic Autopsy.
Clinical or pathological Autopsy is performed where the cause of death is unknown, it is primarily for diagnosis and academic interest, teaching and research, and examination of organ lesions.
Medicological or forensic Autopsy has some specific purpose, and this Autopsy is done to discover some purpose. The main goal of Autopsy is to determine the cause of death, the method of death, the state of health of the person before Death.
Objectives of Autopsy:
Determine body size and identity.
Determine the cause of Death.
Determine the type of Death and how much time has elapsed since Death.
To identify, describe, and diagnose any external and internal injuries.
See all external and internal abnormalities, defects, and diseases. And also Preservation of relevant organs and tissues as evidence.
There are some methods of medicolegal Autopsy. They are: –
Specific pre-requisites are necessary;
Examination of proper;
Analysis of external injuries &
Examination of internal injuries.
There are two types of Autopsy based on the results:
1. Obscure Autopsy – where a complete and careful autopsy has not been able to determine the cause of death.
20% of all Autopsy can be Obscure Autopsy.
2. Negative Autopsy – Failure to reveal the cause of Death through Autopsy and after a neutral autopsy and by laboratory investigation.
It’s been recognized that among all around, 2-5% of all Autopsy are Negative Autopsy.